2014 List

Arkansas Mounds (Statewide)

Endangered List: Back To Main Page
City/County/Congressional District: Arkansas State , (District 1 District 2 District 3 District 4 )
Location Class: Farm
Year Built: N/A | Year Abandoned: N/A
Historic Designation: National Register of Historic Places
Status: AbandonedEndangeredDemolished

There are at least 1, 275 mound sites listed in the Arkansas Archeological Survey database, but they make up only 3% of the total number of sites reported in the last 45 years, and it is difficult to know how many of the recorded sites still exist. Mounds serve as a representation of the native people of Arkansas through many different cultures and time periods. The most common form of mounds found in Arkansas are the Woodland mounds that serve as memorials and resting places for the deceased. Most of the these mounds were designed to commemorate astronomical events. The youngest mounds are 300 years old, and most are well over 500 years old. They were homes to priests and chiefs and the last resting place for honored members of ancient societies. Mounds have been destroyed by people curious about their contents, looters looking for items to sell, erosion caused by stream cutting, and by residential and industrial development. Under current circumstances, it is likely there will be no more mounds in many agricultural areas of Arkansas in the near future unless efforts are made to accommodate mound survival.