2001 List

Toltec Mounds National Historic Landmark Viewshed

Endangered List: Back To Main Page
City/County/Congressional District: Scott , Lonoke County (District 1 )
Location Class: Government
Year Built:
Historic Designation: National Register of Historic Places (1973) National Historic Landmark (1978)
Status: Restored


The Toltec Mounds are one of the largest and most impressive archeological sites in the Mississippi River Valley. With 3 mounds on 100 acres, the site is large in area and in the number of mounds. People started living at this place well before 700 A.D. Distinctive aspects of the culture of the people who lived here are the arrangement and construction of the mounds, the style and decoration of the pottery, and kinds of stone tools. The distinctive culture at Toltec Mounds is given the name Plum Bayou, which is the name of a local stream. We know that some of the mounds were arranged to line up with each other and the positions of the sun on the horizons on the solstices and equinoxes. The position of the sun on the horizon mark seasons and signal activities such as planting crops and holding ceremonies.

It is now a popular state park that interprets the site and offers guided tours and a visitors center.